htaccess file sampleAn attempt to create a default skeleton .htaccess file with the very best apache htaccess examples… Updated semi-frequently based on detailed info from the Apache htaccess tutorial.

NOTE:
Check out and use the Google 404 Error Page.

Sample Htaccess File ^

If you see any room for improvement, or if you can add something than go ahead and comment and I will definately give it a look for possible inclusion.

MAIN SETTINGS AND OPTIONS ^

### MAIN SETTINGS AND OPTIONS
# Options: ALL,FollowSymLinks,Includes,IncludesNOEXEC,SymLinksIfOwnerMatch

MAIN DEFAULTS ^

### MAIN DEFAULTS
Options +ExecCGI -Indexes
DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php
DefaultLanguage en-US
AddDefaultCharset UTF-8
ServerSignature Off

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES ^

### ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
SetEnv PHPRC /webroot/includes
SetEnv TZ America/Indianapolis
SetEnv SERVER_ADMIN webmaster@domain.tld

MIME TYPES ^

### MIME TYPES
AddType video/x-flv .flv
AddType application/x-shockwave-flash .swf
AddType image/x-icon .ico

FORCE FILE TO DOWNLOAD INSTEAD OF APPEAR IN BROWSER ^

### FORCE FILE TO DOWNLOAD INSTEAD OF APPEAR IN BROWSER
AddType application/octet-stream .mov .mp3 .zip

ERRORDOCUMENTS ^

### ERRORDOCUMENTS
#-> http://askapache.com/htaccess/apache-status-code-headers-errordocument.html

1xx ErrorDocuments

ErrorDocument 100 /error-100/
ErrorDocument 101 /error-101/
ErrorDocument 102 /error-102/

2xx ErrorDocuments

ErrorDocument 200 /error-200/
ErrorDocument 201 /error-201/
ErrorDocument 202 /error-202/
ErrorDocument 203 /error-203/
ErrorDocument 204 /error-204/
ErrorDocument 205 /error-205/
ErrorDocument 206 /error-206/
ErrorDocument 207 /error-207/

4xx ErrorDocuments

ErrorDocument 400 /error-400/
ErrorDocument 401 /error-401/
ErrorDocument 402 /error-402/
ErrorDocument 403 /error-403/
ErrorDocument 404 /error-404/
ErrorDocument 405 /error-405/
ErrorDocument 406 /error-406/
ErrorDocument 407 /error-407/
ErrorDocument 408 /error-408/
ErrorDocument 409 /error-409/
ErrorDocument 410 /error-410/
ErrorDocument 411 /error-411/
ErrorDocument 412 /error-412/
ErrorDocument 413 /error-413/
ErrorDocument 414 /error-414/
ErrorDocument 415 /error-415/
ErrorDocument 416 /error-416/
ErrorDocument 417 /error-417/
ErrorDocument 418 /error-418/
ErrorDocument 419 /error-419/
ErrorDocument 420 /error-420/
ErrorDocument 421 /error-421/
ErrorDocument 422 /error-422/
ErrorDocument 423 /error-423/
ErrorDocument 424 /error-424/
ErrorDocument 425 /error-425/
ErrorDocument 426 /error-426/

5xx ErrorDocuments

ErrorDocument 500 /error-500/
ErrorDocument 501 /error-501/
ErrorDocument 502 /error-502/
ErrorDocument 503 /error-503/
ErrorDocument 504 /error-504/
ErrorDocument 505 /error-505/
ErrorDocument 506 /error-506/
ErrorDocument 507 /error-507/
ErrorDocument 508 /error-508/
ErrorDocument 509 /error-509/
ErrorDocument 510 /error-510/

Add Languages

AddLanguage aa .aa # Afar
AddLanguage ab .ab # Abkhazian
AddLanguage af .af # Afrikaans
AddLanguage am .am # Amharic
AddLanguage ar .ar # Arabic
AddLanguage as .as # Assamese
AddLanguage ay .ay # Aymara
AddLanguage az .az # Azerbaijani
AddLanguage ba .ba # Bashkir
AddLanguage be .be # Byelorussian
AddLanguage bg .bg # Bulgarian
AddLanguage bh .bh # Bihari
AddLanguage bi .bi # Bislama
AddLanguage bn .bn # Bengali; Bangla
AddLanguage bo .bo # Tibetan
AddLanguage br .br # Breton
AddLanguage ca .ca # Catalan
AddLanguage co .co # Corsican
AddLanguage cs .cs # Czech
AddLanguage cy .cy # Welsh
AddLanguage da .da # Danish
AddLanguage de .de # German
AddLanguage dz .dz # Bhutani
AddLanguage el .el # Greek
AddLanguage en .en # English
AddLanguage eo .eo # Esperanto
AddLanguage es .es # Spanish
AddLanguage et .et # Estonian
AddLanguage eu .eu # Basque
AddLanguage fa .fa # Persian
AddLanguage fi .fi # Finnish
AddLanguage fj .fj # Fiji
AddLanguage fo .fo # Faeroese
AddLanguage fr .fr # French
AddLanguage fy .fy # Frisian
AddLanguage ga .ga # Irish
AddLanguage gd .gd # Scots Gaelic
AddLanguage gl .gl # Galician
AddLanguage gn .gn # Guamni
AddLanguage gu .gu # Gujarati
AddLanguage ha .ha # Hausa
AddLanguage he .he # Hebrew
AddLanguage hi .hi # Hindi
AddLanguage hr .hr # Croatian
AddLanguage hu .hu # Hungarian
AddLanguage hy .hy # Armenian
AddLanguage ia .ia # Interlingua
AddLanguage id .id # Indonesian
AddLanguage ie .ie # lnteriingue
AddLanguage ik .ik # Knupiak
AddLanguage is .is # Icelandic
AddLanguage it .it # Italian
AddLanguage iu .iu # Inuktitut (Eskimo)
AddLanguage ja .ja # Japanese
AddLanguage jw .jw # Javanese
AddLanguage ka .ka # Georgian
AddLanguage kk .kk # Kazakh
AddLanguage kl .kl # Greaenlandic
AddLanguage km .km # Cambodian
AddLanguage kn .kn # Kannada
AddLanguage ko .ko # Korean
AddLanguage ks .ks # Kashmiri
AddLanguage ku .ku # Kurdish
AddLanguage ky .ky # Kirghiz
AddLanguage la .la # Latin
AddLanguage ln .ln # Lingala
AddLanguage lo .lo # Laothian
AddLanguage lt .lt # Lithuainnian
AddLanguage lv .lv # Latvian, Lettish
AddLanguage mg .mg # Malagasy
AddLanguage mi .mi # Maori
AddLanguage mk .mk # Macedonian
AddLanguage ml .ml # Malayalam
AddLanguage mn .mn # Mongolian
AddLanguage mo .mo # Moldavian
AddLanguage mr .mr # Marathi
AddLanguage ms .ms # Malay
AddLanguage mt .mt # Maltese
AddLanguage my .my # Burmese
AddLanguage na .na # Nauru
AddLanguage ne .ne # Nepali
AddLanguage nl .nl # Dutch
AddLanguage no .no # Norwegian
AddLanguage oc .oc # Occitan
AddLanguage om .om # (Afan) Oromo
AddLanguage or .or # Oriya
AddLanguage pa .pa # Punjabi
AddLanguage pl .po # Polish (use .po instead .pl to avoid problems with perl files)
AddLanguage ps .ps # Pashto, Pushto
AddLanguage pt .pt # Portuguese
AddLanguage qu .qu # Ouechua
AddLanguage rm .rm # Rhaeto-Romance
AddLanguage rn .rn # Kirundi
AddLanguage ro .ro # Romanian
AddLanguage ru .ru # Russian
AddLanguage rw .rw # Kinya, Rwanda
AddLanguage sa .sa # Sanskrit
AddLanguage sd .sd # Sindhi
AddLanguage sg .sg # Sangro
AddLanguage sh .sh # Serbo-Croatian
AddLanguage si .si # Singhalese
AddLanguage sk .sk # Slovak
AddLanguage sl .sl # Slovenian
AddLanguage sm .sm # Samoan
AddLanguage sn .sn # Shona
AddLanguage so .so # Somali
AddLanguage sq .sq # Albanian
AddLanguage sr .sr # Serbian
AddLanguage ss .ss # Siswati
AddLanguage st .st # Sesotho
AddLanguage su .su # Sundanese
AddLanguage sv .sv # Swedish
AddLanguage sw .sw # Swahili
AddLanguage ta .ta # Tamil
AddLanguage te .te # Tegulu
AddLanguage tg .tg # Tajik
AddLanguage th .th # Thai
AddLanguage ti .ti # Tigrinya
AddLanguage tk .tk # Turkmen
AddLanguage tl .tl # Tagalog
AddLanguage tn .tn # Setswana
AddLanguage to .to # Tonga
AddLanguage tr .tr # Turkish
AddLanguage ts .ts # Tsonga
AddLanguage tt .tt # Tatar
AddLanguage tw .tw # Twi
AddLanguage ug .ug # Uigur
AddLanguage uk .uk # Ukrainian
AddLanguage ur .ur # Urdu
AddLanguage uz .uz # Uzbek
AddLanguage vi .vi # Vietnamese
AddLanguage vo .vo # Volapuek
AddLanguage wo .wo # Wolof
AddLanguage xh .xh # Xhosa
AddLanguage yi .yi # Yiddish
AddLanguage yo .yo # Yoruba
AddLanguage za .za # Zhuang
AddLanguage zh .zh # Chinese
AddLanguage zu .zu # Zulu

SCRIPTING, ACTION, ADDHANDLER

### SCRIPTING, ACTION, ADDHANDLER
# Handlers be builtin, included in a module, or added with Action directive
# default-handler: default, handles static content (core)
#      send-as-is: Send file with HTTP headers (mod_asis)
#      cgi-script: treat file as CGI script (mod_cgi)
#       imap-file: Parse as an imagemap rule file (mod_imap)
#     server-info: Get server config info (mod_info)
#   server-status: Get server status report (mod_status)
#        type-map: type map file for content negotiation (mod_negotiation)
#  fastcgi-script: treat file as fastcgi script (mod_fastcgi)
#-> /php/custom-phpini-tips-and-tricks.html

## PARSE AS CGI
AddHandler cgi-script .cgi .pl .spl


## RUN PHP AS APACHE MODULE
AddHandler application/x-httpd-php .php .htm


## RUN PHP AS CGI
AddHandler php-cgi .php .htm


## CGI PHP WRAPPER FOR CUSTOM PHP.INI
AddHandler phpini-cgi .php .htm
Action phpini-cgi /cgi-bin/php5-custom-ini.cgi


## FAST-CGI SETUP WITH PHP-CGI WRAPPER FOR CUSTOM PHP.INI
AddHandler fastcgi-script .fcgi
AddHandler php-cgi .php .htm
Action php-cgi /cgi-bin/php5-wrapper.fcgi


## CUSTOM PHP CGI BINARY SETUP
AddHandler php-cgi .php .htm
Action php-cgi /cgi-bin/php.cgi


## PROCESS SPECIFIC FILETYPES WITH CGI-SCRIPT
Action image/gif /cgi-bin/img-create.cgi


## CREATE CUSTOM HANDLER FOR SPECIFIC FILE EXTENSIONS
AddHandler custom-processor .ssp
Action custom-processor /cgi-bin/myprocessor.cgi

HEADERS, CACHING AND OPTIMIZATION

### HEADERS, CACHING AND OPTIMIZATION
#      300   5 M
#     2700  45 M
#     3600   1 H
#    54000  15 H
#    86400   1 D
#   518400   6 D
#   604800   1 W
#  1814400   3 W
#  2419200   1 M
# 26611200  11 M
# 29030400   1 Y (never expire)


### HEADER CACHING
#-> /htaccess/speed-up-sites-with-htaccess-caching.html
<filesmatch "\.(flv|gif|jpg|jpeg|png|ico)$"="">
   Header set Cache-Control "max-age=2592000"

<filesmatch "\.(js|css|pdf|swf)$"="">
   Header set Cache-Control "max-age=604800"

<filesmatch "\.(html|htm|txt)$"="">
   Header set Cache-Control "max-age=600"

<filesmatch "\.(pl|php|cgi|spl|scgi|fcgi)$"="">
   Header unset Cache-Control



## ALTERNATE EXPIRES CACHING
ExpiresActive On
ExpiresDefault A604800
ExpiresByType image/x-icon A2592000
ExpiresByType application/x-javascript A2592000
ExpiresByType text/css A2592000
ExpiresByType text/html A300
<filesmatch "\.(pl|php|cgi|spl|scgi|fcgi)$"="">
   ExpiresActive Off



## META HTTP-EQUIV REPLACEMENTS
<filesmatch "\.(html|htm|php)$"="">
   Header set imagetoolbar "no"

REWRITES AND REDIRECTS

### REWRITES AND REDIRECTS
# REQUEST METHODS: GET,POST,PUT,DELETE,CONNECT,OPTIONS,PATCH,PROPFIND,
#                  PROPPATCH,MKCOL,COPY,MOVE,LOCK,UNLOCK


## REWRITE DEFAULTS
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /


## REQUIRE SUBDOMAIN
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^$
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^subdomain\.domain\.tld$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^/(.*)$ http://subdomain.domain.tld/$1 [L,R=301]


## SEO REWRITES
RewriteRule ^(.*)/ve/(.*)$    $1/voluntary-employee/$2 [L,R=301]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/hsa/(.*)$     $1/health-saving-account/$2 [L,R=301]


## WORDPRESS
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f    # Existing File
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d    # Existing Directory
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]


## ALTERNATIVE ANTI-HOTLINKING
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^$
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^http://(subdomain\.)?domain\.tld/.*$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^.*.(bmp|tif|gif|jpg|jpeg|jpe|png)$ - [F]


## REDIRECT HOTLINKERS
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^$
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^http://(subdomain\.)?domain\.tld/.*$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^.*\.(bmp|tif|gif|jpg|jpeg|jpe|png)$ http://google.com [R]


## DENY REQUEST BASED ON REQUEST METHOD
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_METHOD} ^(TRACE|TRACK|OPTIONS|HEAD)$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^.*$ - [F]


## REDIRECT UPLOADS
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_METHOD} ^(PUT|POST)$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ /cgi-bin/form-upload-processor.cgi?p=$1 [L,QSA]


## REQUIRE SSL EVEN WHEN MOD_SSL IS NOT LOADED
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on [NC]
RewriteRule ^.*$ https://%{SERVER_NAME}%{REQUEST_URI} [R,L]


### ALTERNATATIVE TO USING ERRORDOCUMENT
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule ^.*$ /error.php [L]


## SEO REDIRECTS
Redirect 301 /2006/oldfile.html http://subdomain.domain.tld/newfile.html
RedirectMatch 301 /o/(.*)$ http://subdomain.domain.tld/s/dl/$1

AUTHENTICATION AND SECURITY

### AUTHENTICATION AND SECURITY
# Require (user|group|valid-user) (username|groupname)


## BASIC PASSWORD PROTECTION
AuthType basic
AuthName "prompt"
AuthUserFile /.htpasswd
AuthGroupFile /dev/null
Require valid-user


## ALLOW FROM IP OR VALID PASSWORD
Require valid-user
Allow from 192.168.1.23
Satisfy Any


## PROTECT FILES
<filesmatch "\.(htaccess|htpasswd|ini|phps|fla|psd|log|sh)$"="">
  Order Allow,Deny
  Deny from all



## PREVENT HOTLINKING
SetEnvIfNoCase Referer "^http://subdomain.domain.tld/" good
SetEnvIfNoCase Referer "^$" good
<filesmatch "\.(png|jpg|jpeg|gif|bmp|swf|flv)$"="">
   Order Deny,Allow
   Deny from all
   Allow from env=good
   ErrorDocument 403 http://www.google.com/intl/en_ALL/images/logo.gif
   ErrorDocument 403 /images/you_bad_hotlinker.gif



## LIMIT UPLOAD FILE SIZE TO PROTECT AGAINST DOS ATTACK in bytes, 0-2147483647(2GB)
LimitRequestBody 10240000

SSL SECURITY

### SSL SECURITY
#-> /htaccess/ssl-example-usage-in-htaccess.html


## MOST SECURE WAY TO REQUIRE SSL
#-> /htaccess/apache-ssl-in-htaccess-examples.html
SSLOptions +StrictRequire
SSLRequireSSL
SSLRequire %{HTTP_HOST} eq "domain.tld"
ErrorDocument 403 https://domain.tld

SITE UNDER CONSTRUCTION

### SITE UNDER CONSTRUCTION
# Heres some awesome htaccess to use when you are developing a site


## COMBINED DEVELOPER HTACCESS CODE-USE THIS
<filesmatch "\.(flv|gif|jpg|jpeg|png|ico|js|css|pdf|swf|html|htm|txt)$"="">
   Header set Cache-Control "max-age=5"


AuthType basic
AuthName "Ooops! Temporarily Under Construction..."
AuthUserFile /.htpasswd
AuthGroupFile /dev/null
Require valid-user           # password prompt for everyone else
Order Deny,Allow
Deny from all
Allow from 192.168.64.5      # Your, the developers IP address
Allow from w3.org            # css/xhtml check jigsaw.w3.org/css-validator/
Allow from googlebot.com     # Allows google to crawl your pages
Satisfy Any                  # no password required if host/ip is Allowed



## DONT HAVE TO EMPTY CACHE OR RELOAD TO SEE CHANGES
ExpiresDefault A5 #If using mod_expires
<filesmatch "\.(flv|gif|jpg|jpeg|png|ico|js|css|pdf|swf|html|htm|txt)$"="">
   Header set Cache-Control "max-age=5"



## ALLOW ACCESS WITH PASSWORD OR NO PASSWORD FOR SPECIFIC IP/HOSTS
AuthType basic
AuthName "Ooops! Temporarily Under Construction..."
AuthUserFile /.htpasswd
AuthGroupFile /dev/null
Require valid-user           # password prompt for everyone else
Order Deny,Allow
Deny from all
Allow from 192.168.64.5      # Your, the developers IP address
Allow from w3.org            # css/xhtml check jigsaw.w3.org/css-validator/
Allow from googlebot.com     # Allows google to crawl your pages
Satisfy Any                  # no password required if host/ip is Allowed
Articolo precedenteInvoicePlane: il sistema di fatturazione gratis e opensource
Articolo successivoPillole di gestione coda (queue) mail Postfix